2020 has been a fearful year due to the virus effect all over the globe. It is really good to know that there is something that can beat the viruses on our planet earth.
The virus effect had stopped our regular job activities and also made a downfall in the economical conditions all over the globe, but the worse part of it is that many people lost their lives and a huge number of people felt sick due to it.
Enormous number of viruses are present all over the earth. It can be present anywhere in the air or the deep sea. Although there is a large number of viruses present which provides good nourishment, no organisms were known to have them as their foodstuff.
Researchers have first presented their evidence in the Frontiers in Microbiology which says that two deep-sea organisms eat viruses namely –
They are recognized as marine protists and are available on the coast of Maine. Corresponding Author Dr. Ramunas Stepanauskas, says “Our data show that many protist cells contain DNA of a wide variety of non-infectious viruses but not bacteria, strong evidence that they are feeding on viruses rather than on bacteria. That came as a big surprise, as these findings go against the currently predominant views of the role of viruses and protists in the marine food webs.”
Researchers collected ocean water samples and then arranged the hereditary material from 1,698 organisms they found in the samples. Viral genetic code was seen in both choanozoans and picozoans but none of them were vulnerable to viral infection so researchers think they have been dining on viruses. Researchers know well that it is rarely available on the earth. These two are the only organisms found to consume viruses for their nourishment.
Dr. Julia Brown says “Viruses are rich in phosphorus and nitrogen, and could potentially be a good supplement to a carbon-rich diet that might include cellular prey or carbon-rich marine colloids.”
She also added “The removal of viruses from the water may reduce the number of viruses available to infect other organisms, while also shuttling the organic carbon within virus particles higher up the food chain. Future research might consider whether protists that consume viruses accumulate DNA sequences from their viral prey within their genomes, or consider how they might protect themselves from infection.”
Source – blog.frontiersin